that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists
whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence
in the 1870s and 1880s. The name of the movement is derived
from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, Sunrise
(Impression, soleil levant), which provoked the critic
Louis Leroy to coin the term in a satiric review published
in Le Charivari.
Characteristics of Impressionist paintings
small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition,
emphasis on the accurate depiction of light in its changing
qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of
time), ordinary subject matter, the inclusion of movement as
a crucial element of human perception and experience, and
unusual visual angles. The emergence of Impressionism in
the visual arts was soon followed by analogous movements
in other media which became known as Impressionist music
and Impressionist literature.
Impressionism also describes art created in this style
in 19th century 20th century and 21st century to present.
Biographies of Artists include: